Dogs' fears and separation anxiety

Dogs' Fear

Because there are several different fears and reasons for them, there are also several actions that it can counteract and prevent fears. Different training methods are practiced to teach the dog to deal with its fears, and in some cases it can even get rid of them.
There are also medicinal preparations that can be administered to highly stressed dogs.

Pheromones

Pheromones can be bought in a spray form at drugstores as sedatives for dogs. In a study that was done to investigate how pheromones affect the behavior of dogs, one could draw the conclusion that pheromones have a calming effect. Dogs treated with pheromones had a significantly lower average skull volume after exposure to pheromones. Different tests were performed on the dogs with a stranger who behaved differently on two occasions.

When the stranger behaved completely neutral and passive, there were no significant differences in behavior is observed between the control group and the treated dogs. When the authors tested with the stranger who instead had a friendly and welcoming demeanor towards dogs showed It turned out that the pheromone-treated dogs had a higher rate of odor behavior on the seventh day of exposure. There was also a higher frequency of dogs rested after being treated continuously for seven days. The frequency of desquamation was also found to significantly decrease after continuous exposure to pheromones.

Dogs and separation anxiety

Treatment of dogs suffering from separation anxiety has been shown to be successful. In a study where the response of dogs to treatment with systematic desensitization was studied, it showed the results that the separation problems were significantly reduced. The training was for the dogs was locked in a room with sweets 3-4 times per day, with a maximum of one hour between each
opportunity. From the beginning, the dogs were allowed to be isolated in the room for a period of only 5 minutes, which then increased systematically until the dog could be alone in the room without any sign of anxiety behaviors for 30 to 90 minutes. After that, the isolation period could increase faster. Yes, the dog suddenly exhibited anxiety-related behaviors and the dog's owner had to return to the stage in which the dog showed a successful result and make the exercise more gradual.

Dog owners were advised not to leave them alone for extended periods outside of treatment. The result was clear. The frequency and severity of anxiety-related behaviors decreased dramatically in all eight participating dogs, of which several stressful behaviors were almost completely eliminated).

Clomipramine is an active substance that can be administered as a sedative for dogs. Clomipramine treatment for a period of 2-3 months in dogs suffering from separation anxiety are successful with a reduction in stress behaviors).

 

Breed differences

There is a great variation in genes, behavior and morphology caused by selection for desired traits. The variation within the breeds can be greater than that variation
which exist between different breeds.

One country can select for characteristics of a particular breed at the same time
in another part of the world are selected for something completely different in the same breed. This may explain why desired characteristics of individual breeds vary around the world.
There are studies on how selection for different traits within breeds affects the breed's behavior. By studying the qualities of playfulness, aggression, curiosity and sociality showed the result of a large variation between the breeds. Among other things, the author saw that the breeds which was widely used in exhibition had a negative correlation to all the properties that were studied in both males and females. However, working male dogs had a positive correlation to the characteristics of aggression and playfulness. Dogs that belonged to the most popular breeds showed more playfulness and sociality than the dogs that were of the less popular breeds.

The results also showed that there was no difference in playfulness, sociality, aggression and curiosity between breed groups, such as herding dogs and terriers, without there being just a difference in the characteristics between breeds. 
In another study there were clear differences between breeds. Boxer dogs reacted more passively when frightened, while kelpies became hyperactive. The German Shepherd was the breed that showed the most fear and the Labrador showed the least.

Aggression motivated by fear is much more common in the German Shepherd breed than in other breeds. Also cocker spaniel and smaller poodles
are breeds where fear aggression is very common.

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